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HISTORY of Christian Theology

TIMELINE of All Major Events

TIMELINE of Major Events
Select a timeline:
MAJOR ONLY: WORLD | RELIGIOUS | PEOPLE | ALL
MINOR & MAJOR: WORLD | RELIGIOUS | PEOPLE | ALL

All Major Events

Adam

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c. 10,000 B.C.

Agriculture Develops

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c. 3,500 B.C.

Writing Developed

c. 3,500 B.C. Writing, a medium of human communication representing languages and emotions through signs and symbols, develops independently in 4 different areas – Mesopotamia (c. 3,500 B.C.), Egypt(c. 1,550 B.C.) The New Kingdom of Egypt begins as the Pharaohs of Egypt regain independence and displace the Hyksos. The technical innovations brough... more (c. 3,100 B.C.), the Indus Valley (c. 2,600 B.C.), and the Yellow River (c. 1,700 B.C.). Please share if you found this post informative.

c. 3,300 B.C.

Bronze Age

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c. 3,300 B.C.

Indus Valley Civilization

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c. 2,686 B.C.

Egypt, Old Kingdom

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c. 2,500 B.C.

Phoenicia

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c. 2,334 B.C.

Akkadian Empire

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c. 2,181 B.C.

Egypt, Old Kingdom Ends

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c. 2,154 B.C.

Akkadian Empire Ends

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c. 2,134 B.C.

Egypt, Kingdom of

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c. 2,070 B.C.

Xia Dynasty (China)

c. 2,070 B.C. The Xia dynasty possibly rules along the Yellow River in China. Shrouded in mystery, myth, and legend, subsequent Chinese governments traced their history to the Xia dynasty. No written records survive from this civilization, but some archeological evidence suggests the Xia dynasty may have been real. Please share if you found this post informative.

c. 2,025 B.C.

Old Assyrian Empire

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c. 2,000 B.C.

Chariot Developed

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c. 1800 B.C.

Abraham

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c. 1,792 B.C.

Babylonian Empire

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c. 1690 B.C.

Egypt, Kingdom ends

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c. 1,650 B.C.

Hyksos in Egypt

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c. 1,600 B.C.

Mycenean Greek Civilization

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c. 1,600 B.C.

Shang Dynasty (China)

c. 1,600 B.C. The semi-mythical Xia Dynasty ends, and the Shang Dynasty arises to rule over the Yellow River Valley. Please share if you found this post informative.

c. 1,600 B.C.

Hittite Empire

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c. 1,550 B.C.

Egypt

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c. 1,500 B.C.

Vedic Period of India

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c. 1450 B.C.

Mosaic Law

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Died c. 1400 B.C.

Moses

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c. 1,393 B.C.

Old Assyrian Empire Ends

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c. 1,300 B.C.

Indus Valley Civilization Ends

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c. 1,274 B.C.

Battle of Kadesh

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c. 1,200 B.C.

Bronze Age Collapse

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c. 1,200 B.C.

Iron Age

c. 1,200 B.C. The Iron Age(c. 1,200 B.C.) The Iron Age begins in the Ancient Near East, the Aegean, and India. The Iron Age would begin later in Italy and the Balkans (c. 1,100... more begins in the Ancient Near East, the Aegean, and India. The Iron Age(c. 1,200 B.C.) The Iron Age begins in the Ancient Near East, the Aegean, and India. The Iron Age would begin later in Italy and the Balkans (c. 1,100... more would begin later in Italy and the Balkans (c. 1,100 B.C.), Eastern Europe (c. 900 B.C.), Central Europe and Great Britain (c. 800…

c. 1,178 B.C

Hittite Empire Ends

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c. 1,150 B.C.

Phoenician Expansion

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c. 1,150 B.C.

Mycenaean Greece Ends

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c. 1,069 B.C.

Egypt, New Kingdom Ends

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c. 1,056 B.C.

Middle Assyrian Empire Ends

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c. 1,050 B.C.

Alphabet Developed

c. 1,050 B.C. Phoenicians develop a 22 letter alphabet which spreads through their colonies and trade routes, which is eventually adopted and adapted by the Greeks. Please share if you found this post informative.

c. 1,046 B.C.

Zhou Dynasty (China)

c. 1,046 B.C. The Shang Dynasty ends after it is defeated in battle, and the Zhou Dynasty begins its rule in China. Please share if you found this post informative.

c. 1000 B.C.

David

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911 B.C.

Neo-Assyrian Empire

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814 B.C.

Carthage Established

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c. 800 B.C.

Greek Civilization Reemerges

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c. 650 B.C.

Carthaginian Expansion

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626 B.C.

Neo-Babylonian Empire

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626 B.C.

Median Kingdom

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c. 615–515 B.C.

Daniel the Prophet

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609 B.C.

Neo-Assyrian Empire Ends

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c. 600 B.C.

Second Indian Urbanization

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587 B.C.

Babylonian Captivity I

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550 B.C.

Achaemenid Empire (Persia)

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509 B.C.

Roman Republic

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499 B.C.

Greco-Persian Wars

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431 B.C.

Peloponnesian War

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c. 427–348 B.C.

Plato

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384 B.C.–322 B.C.

Aristotle

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356–323 B.C.

Alexander the Great

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338 B.C.

Macedon Unifies Greece

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336 B.C.

Alexander the Great becomes King

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323 B.C.

Alexander the Great Dies

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321 B.C.

Muaryan Empire (India)

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312 B.C.

Seleucid Empire

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306 B.C.

Antigonid Kingdom

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306 B.C.

Kingdom of Thrace

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305 B.C.

Ptolemaic Kingdom (Egypt)

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281 B.C.

Kingdom of Thrace Ends

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275 B.C.

Roman Domination of Italy

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256 B.C.

Qin Dynasty (China)

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247 B.C.

Parthian Empire

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221 B.C.

Qin Empire (China)

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206 B.C.

Han Empire (China)

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201 B.C.

Roman Domination of Mediterranean

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185 B.C.

Mauryan Empire Ends

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167–160 B.C.

Maccabean Revolt

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146 B.C.

Rome Conquers Greece

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c. 130 B.C.

Silk Road

c. 130 B.C. The Silk Road(c. 130 B.C.) The Silk Road is established as the Han Dynasty in China as they extend their overland trade routes further west and connect directly to... more is established as the Han Dynasty in China as they extend their overland trade routes further west and connect directly to trade routes used by the Roman Empire(27 B.C.) After a period of unrest and competing generals jockeying for power, Octavian, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, becomes the first official ... more. Please share if you found this post informative.

63 B.C.

Seleucid Empire Ends

312–63 B.C. After a period of decline for approximately 100 years caused by military defeats to the Romans in the west and the Parthians to the east, the remnants of the Seleucid Empire(312 B.C.) The Seleucid Empire, based in Babylonia, is founded by Seleucus, former general over Alexander’s elite cavalry forces. Seleucus asserted ... more collapse. Please share if you found this post informative.

50 B.C.

Rome Conquers Gaul

50 B.C. Julius Caesar conquers Gaul (modern day France and Belgium), setting the stage for his rise to power in Rome. Please share if you found this post informative.

30 B.C.

Ptolemaic Kingdom Ends

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27 B.C.

Roman Empire

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c. 20 B.C.–A.D. 50

Philo of Alexandria

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born c. 18 B.C.

Mary

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c. 4 B.C.–A.D. 30-33

Jesus

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c. 4 B.C.–A.D. 39

Herod Antipater

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c. 4 B.C.–A.D. 64

Paul

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c. A.D. 1–65

Peter the Apostle

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1st CENTURY

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c. A.D. 6–100

John the Apostle

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A.D. 15 Dec 37–9 Jun 68

Nero

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c. A.D. 30

Crucifixion

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A.D. 30

Pentecost

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c. A.D. 35–99

Clement of Rome

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A.D. 37–c. A.D. 100

Josephus

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c. A.D. 50

Council of Jerusalem

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A.D. 50–64

Paul’s Epistles

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c. A.D. 50

Maritime Silk Route

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A.D. 65

Gospel of Mark

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A.D. 70

Jerusalem Temple Destroyed

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A.D. 75–95

Gospels of Matthew, Luke & John

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2nd CENTURY

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fl. 2nd century

Montanus

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c. A.D. 100–165

Justin Martyr

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fl. early 2nd century

Marcion

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c. A.D. 120–200

Irenaeus

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c. A.D. 150

Justin Martyr’s 1st Apology

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c. A.D. 150–681

Christological Controversy

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c. A.D. 160–225

Tertullian

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c. A.D. 165

Justin Martyr’s 2nd Apology

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c. A.D. 185–254

Origen

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3rd CENTURY

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A.D. 210–14 Sep 258

Cyprian

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c. A.D. 215

Sabellius

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A.D. 220

Han Empire Ends

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A.D. 224

Sassanid Empire

A.D. 224–651 The rebellion which overthrew the Parthian Empire(247 B.C.) Parthia (a region in the northeast of modern day Iran) gains independence in a rebellion against the Seleucid Empire, eventually becoming t... more establishes the Sassanid Empire(A.D. 224) The rebellion which overthrew the Parthian Empire establishes the Sassanid Empire which quickly expands to fill the territorial space of th... more which quickly expands to fill the territorial space of the Parthian Empire(247 B.C.) Parthia (a region in the northeast of modern day Iran) gains independence in a rebellion against the Seleucid Empire, eventually becoming t... more and to compete in…

A.D. 224

Parthian Empire Ends

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c. A.D. 256–336

Arius

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A.D. 263–May 339

Eusebius of Caesarea

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A.D. 265

Jin Empire (China)

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c. A.D. 272–337

Constantine

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c. A.D. 280–355

Donatus

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A.D. 286

Division of Roman Empire

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c. A.D. 293–373

Athanasius

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4th CENTURY

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4th–6th centuries

Donatist Controversy

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A.D. 313

Edict of Milan

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A.D. 314

Council of Arles

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4th Century

Arian Controversy

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A.D. 320

Gupta Empire (India)

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A.D. 325

First Council of Nicaea

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c. A.D. 330-379

Basil of Caesarea

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c. A.D. 340 – A.D. 397

Ambrose

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A.D. 27 Mar 347–30 Sep 420

Jerome

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A.D. 347–395

Theodosius

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A.D. 354–430

Augustine

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c. A.D. 378–444

Cyril of Alexandria

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A.D. 381

Constantinople Creed

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A.D. 381

First Council of Constantinople

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A.D. 385

Augustine begins writing

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5th CENTURY

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A.D. 401–450

Theodosius II

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c. 405 A.D.

Vulgate

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fl. 410–420

Pelagius

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A.D. 410

Rome Sacked

A.D. 410 The VisigothsThe western branch of the Germanic Goths who sacked Rome. They were later granted foederati (allied) status by the Western Roman Empire, and they esta... more sack Rome, no longer the capital of the Roman Empire(27 B.C.) After a period of unrest and competing generals jockeying for power, Octavian, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, becomes the first official ... more, but still its cultural and spiritual center. Please share if you found this post informative.

A.D. 420

Jin Empire Ends

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A.D. 451

Council of Chalcedon

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Died A.D. 10 Nov 461

Leo the Great

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c. A.D. 466–511

Clovis

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A.D. 477–524

Boethius

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c. A.D. 2 Mar 480–21 Mar 547

Benedict

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A.D. 480

Western Roman Empire Ends

A.D. 480 The Western Roman Empire(27 B.C.) After a period of unrest and competing generals jockeying for power, Octavian, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, becomes the first official ... more officially ends after the GermanicReferring to an Indo-European ethnic group of people originating in northern Europe. The Roman Empire bordered on Germanic lands for centuries and the... more king, Odoacer, conquered the Italian peninsula and established his own Kingdom of Italy. Please share if you found this post informative.

c. A.D. 482–565

Justinian

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6th CENTURY

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