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HISTORY of Christian Theology

Comes from a Latin term meaning “to do enough” and is associated with the idea of making up for some wrong or paying a debt owed to someone. It specifically refers to one of the four parts of the Roman Catholic sacrament of Penance where the confessor (priest) assigns the penitent (sinner seeking absolution) specific works such as prayers, fasts, pilgrimages, to make up for (satisfy) the sins that have been forgiven similar to the idea of restitution. According to Roman Catholics, if sinners do not fully satisfy the requirements of penance in this life then they are relegated to purgatory where they are purged through suffering that are deemed works of satisfaction. Anselm uses this term in his theory of the atonement to refer to the payment of an infinite debt which sinners incur by their offense against the infinite majesty of God

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