The Hellenic rulers of ancient (c. 1,550 B.C.) The New Kingdom of Egypt begins as the Pharaohs of Egypt regain independence and displace the Hyksos. The technical innovations brough... more after the death of Alexander the Great (356–323 B.C.) was King of Macedon and went on to create one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the time he was thir... more and before being conquered by Rome. At the request of a Ptolemaic Pharaoh, the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible) was produced in Alexandria, which in turn influenced Christianity and A strand of philosophy grounded in Platonic thought and which sought to synthesize Plato’s philosophy with multiple other increasingly influential v... more.