The Augustiniantheologies founded on Augustine’s theology which formed the foundation for Western Christian theology for Catholics, Lutherians and Calvinists. more doctrineis derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... more that God bestows the graceIs a term used to identify unmerited assistance by God primarily to redeem and transform human beings. In the early and medieval church it also referr... more of salvation on some individuals while assigning others to hell, independent of human choice or actions. This concept was shared by AquinasThomas Aquinas (c. A.D. 1225-1274) Dominican friar, teacher at the University of Paris, central figure of medieval scholasticism, and the most authori... more, LutherMartin Luther (A.D. 1483–1546) German theologian, pastor, professor at the University of Wittenberg, ex-monk, and founding figure of Protestantism. ... more, and John CalvinJohn Calvin (A.D. 1509-1564) French Protestant theologian who lived most of his adult life in Geneva. He was the most influential figure in Refor... more, with CalvinJohn Calvin (A.D. 1509-1564) French Protestant theologian who lived most of his adult life in Geneva. He was the most influential figure in Refor... more emphasizing and expanding it to include the concept of double predestinationis a view of predestination that God not only predestines some individuals to go to heaven but that he also predestines others to go to hell. This con... more. Predestination should not be confused with the doctrines of providenceThe word derived from the Latin word for “provide” and “foresee” that identifies the Medieval doctrine of God’s active benevolent sovereignt... more and God’s sovereignty or with theories of determinism.