The theologies founded on Augustine’s theology which formed the foundation for Western Christian theology for Catholics, Lutherians and Calvinists. is derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... that God bestows the Is a term used to identify unmerited assistance by God primarily to redeem and transform human beings. In the early and medieval church it also referr... of salvation on some individuals while assigning others to hell, independent of human choice or actions. This concept was shared by Thomas Aquinas (c. A.D. 1225-1274) Dominican friar, teacher at the University of Paris, central figure of medieval scholasticism, and the most authori..., Martin Luther (A.D. 1483–1546) German theologian, pastor, professor at the University of Wittenberg, ex-monk, and founding figure of Protestantism. ..., and John John Calvin (A.D. 1509-1564) French Protestant theologian who lived most of his adult life in Geneva. He was the most influential figure in Refor..., with John Calvin (A.D. 1509-1564) French Protestant theologian who lived most of his adult life in Geneva. He was the most influential figure in Refor... emphasizing and expanding it to include the concept of is a view of predestination that God not only predestines some individuals to go to heaven but that he also predestines others to go to hell. This con.... Predestination should not be confused with the doctrines of The word derived from the Latin word for “provide” and “foresee” that identifies the Medieval doctrine of God’s active benevolent sovereignt... and God’s sovereignty or with theories of determinism.