A ProtestantContrary to popular belief, the term does not refer to protest against the Roman Catholic Church. The term original refers to a formal protest lodged ... more movement beginning with LutheranismIs named after Martin Luther and was the first form of Protestantism and became the official form of Christianity in many German territories and in th... more in the 17th and 18th that emphasized and emotional theology based on faithIn word for belief and faith is the same in Latin and most European languages, but in English faith often denotes an active believe, one that inspires... more, repentanceTurning away from sin and to God in hopes of obtaining forgiveness and is associated with a change of mind and heart. more, conversionThis term is derived from the Latin word for “turning,” and is a theological term that refers to one turning his will from evil to good and is gen... more, and rebirth as the true form of Christianity, as opposed to the ProtestantContrary to popular belief, the term does not refer to protest against the Roman Catholic Church. The term original refers to a formal protest lodged ... more scholastic theology of that age. MethodismThe movement begun by John Wesley and others in 18th century England, based on the Arminian theology of free will with a strong emphasis on Holiness a... more, and to some extent modern evangelism, grew out of the PietismA Protestant movement beginning with Lutheranism in the 17th and 18th that emphasized and emotional theology based on faith, repentance, conversion, a... more movement.