(626 B.C.) The Median Kingdom arises, breaking away from the eastern reaches of the failing (911 B.C.) The Neo-Assyrian Empire reasserts Assyrian dominance in northern Mesopotamia, and ultimately expanded further, conquering all of Mesopotami... more, and eventually stretching from the northeast of modern day Iran, skirting the northern border of the (626 B.C.) The Neo-Babylonian Empire arises, breaking away from the failing Neo-Assyria Empire and ultimately conquering Mesopotamia, the Levant, and ... more, and into refers to the Roman providences in what is now Turkey. more Minor.