This title comes from the Greek word Ioudaios, meaning “Judean” that was used in the New Testament to refer to the populous living in the region of Jerusalem. Very broadly this term refers to all of the descendents of the 12 tribes of Israel and more specifically to the people of the Southern Kingdom of Judah or Judea. So, from a broad perspective, (c. 4 B.C.–A.D. 30-33) Also known as Jesus of Nazareth, Jesus Christ, the Messiah, and Savior of the World. He is the founding figure of Christianit... was a Jew, but in some passages in the New Testament this term only applies to the people living in and around Jerusalem and more particularly the Jewish establishment in Jerusalem.