A Roman Catholic This word comes from a Latin term meaning “to hand down,” that originally referred to the teaching of the apostles as handed down in the churches ... that that the Virgin Mary (born c. 18 B.C.) was a Galilean Jewish woman and mother of Jesus. Christians believe that Jesus was conceived miraculously through the Holy Spir... was conceived without The doctrine developed by Augustine in the late 4th century that all human beings inherit the guilt of Adam’s sin and deserve damnation from birth. .... This is derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... was formally accepted by Pope (A.D. 1792–1878) Also known by the Italian form of his name, “Pio Nono,” pope from 1846–1878, the longest reigning pope in history, who define... in A.D. 1854, as official is derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... of the Roman Catholic a term translated from the Greek word “Ecclesia” which means an assembly called together and is sometime translated as a congregation. A church is... in his proclamation, In Ineffabilis Deus (“The Ineffable God”).