A scholar during the The term derived from the Latin word meaning “reborn” that refers to the European cultural movement from the 14th to the 17th centuries that sough... more movement who sought to recover a more historically accurate understanding of ancient languages and literature, including pagan classics, the Bible and the writings of the early is a broad term that refers to Christian theologians up to the 6th century that later theologians relied on to determine correct Christian doctrine. T... more. Some of the most notable Christian humanists were the Catholic (A.D. 28 Dec 1466–12 Jul 1536) Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus is often referred to as the Prince of the Humanists. He was renowned as the greatest s... more, the Lutheran Philipp Melanchthon (A.D. 1497–1560) German theologian, reformer, and professor at the University of Wittenberg, Martin Luther’s colleague and bes... more, and the Reformed John John Calvin (A.D. 1509-1564) French Protestant theologian who lived most of his adult life in Geneva. He was the most influential figure in Refor... more.