the English word generally used for the Greek term See essence and homoousios. more, that is also translated as “being” or “substance” and refers to that which makes something what it is such as human nature is the essence of a human being. This issue was central to the debate in the Arian controversy involving the nature of God and the trinity as well as the A term derived from the Latin word for “flesh”, carnem, and refers to the doctrine developed during the Christological disputes of the 4th-6th cen... more of Derived from a Greek term meaning anointed and is equivalent to the word “messiah” from Hebrew roots. The anointing references the act of installi... more. See also This is the Greek term invented during the first Nicene Council to describe the relation between the Father and the Son in the Trinity and is the foun... more.