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HISTORY of Christian Theology

comes from a Greek word for “worldwide,” and refers to both ancient church councils representing the whole church as well to discussions during the past century between Roman Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox churches regarding unification of the various branches of Christianity into one Church body. There are disputes between Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant traditions regarding which church councils represented the whole Church and have the authority of an ecumenical council. Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholics agree on the first seven ecumenical councils but none thereafter and most protestants reject the Second Council of Nicaea that accepted the veneration of icons and some Protestants reject most if not all councils.

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