(A.D. 1545–1563) The Roman Catholic council of bishops held in the city of Trent near the border Austria and Italy over two decades between 1543 and 1563 to respond to the (A.D. 1517) The Protestant Reformation begins as Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses, largely in response to the widespread abuses caused by the aggress... more. The council experiences numerous lengthy interruptions, but eventually provides the official Roman Catholic response to Contrary to popular belief, the term does not refer to protest against the Roman Catholic Church. The term original refers to a formal protest lodged ... more theology in 1563. It also took measures to reform and renew the Catholic church. It articulated Roman Catholic is derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... more on various issues attacked by Protestants and initiated reforms within the a term translated from the Greek word “Ecclesia” which means an assembly called together and is sometime translated as a congregation. A church is... more itself.