(431 A.D.) The Council of Ephesus (the third comes from a Greek word for “worldwide,” and refers to both ancient church councils representing the whole church as well to discussions during th... more council), led by Cyril of Alexandria (c. A.D. 378-444) Nestorius opponent, Bishop of Alexandria, dominant figure at the Council of Ephesus 431, known for his Christolo... more of Alexandria, condemns (fl. early 5th century) Archbishop of Constantinople who denied that Mary was theotokos or Mother of God. His Christology was accused of splitting Chr... more and his is another term used to identify Christian theology regarding the Incarnation and nature of Christ. more; the council emphasizes the unity of Derived from a Greek term meaning anointed and is equivalent to the word “messiah” from Hebrew roots. The anointing references the act of installi... more by teaching that Mary (born c. 18 B.C.) was a Galilean Jewish woman and mother of Jesus. Christians believe that Jesus was conceived miraculously through the Holy Spir... more is A Greek literally meaning “God bearer” that early Christians loosely translated as, “Mother of God” as a title for Mary, This led to the Nesto... more (Mother of God), that the union of divine and human in Derived from a Greek term meaning anointed and is equivalent to the word “messiah” from Hebrew roots. The anointing references the act of installi... more is hypostatic, and that Christ’s body is lifegiving flesh.