a council held in Chalcedon in A.D. 451 to deal with the Nestorian controversy regarding the nature and incarnation of Derived from a Greek term meaning anointed and is equivalent to the word “messiah” from Hebrew roots. The anointing references the act of installi... more. Some eastern churches objected to the conduct of the council and claim that it was primarily a power struggle between the East and West. The heavy handed tactics utilized at this council may have contributed to the refers to the period between A.D. 1378 and 1417 when multiple individuals claimed to be the rightful pope, which ended with the Council of Constance. between the Eastern and Western a term translated from the Greek word “Ecclesia” which means an assembly called together and is sometime translated as a congregation. A church is... more.