was a series of formal debates held in Rome between 1598–1607 regarding the nature and extent of divine Is a term used to identify unmerited assistance by God primarily to redeem and transform human beings. In the early and medieval church it also referr... more in an effort to resolve a bitter controversy between Dominicans who advocated the theologies founded on Augustine’s theology which formed the foundation for Western Christian theology for Catholics, Lutherians and Calvinists. is derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... more of Is a term used to identify unmerited assistance by God primarily to redeem and transform human beings. In the early and medieval church it also referr... more as further developed by (c. A.D. 1225-1274) Dominican friar, teacher at the University of Paris, central figure of medieval scholasticism, and the most authoritative theologi... more, and Jesuits, who advocated One of the Catholic theologies regarding grace that is based on the teachings of the Spanish Jesuit Luis de Molina, who taught that the dispensing of ... more. The The Roman Catholic bishop of Rome who is regarded as the successor of the chief apostle, Peter, and as the Vicar of Christ is the holder of the Aposto... more finally declared both viewpoints legitimate and prohibited both sides from calling the other side heretics, and forbade further debate on the subject.