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HISTORY of Christian Theology

consists of the priest, ministers and pastors of Christian churches. In the medieval church this term referred to both regular priest who were monks subject to a rule (regula) of a monastic order and secular priest who were not monks but ministered among the populace (secular) at the local church. All bishops and other high Church officials are priests, but not all monks were ordained to the priesthood. The Catholic clergy are ordained through the sacrament of holy orders whereby their soul is marked by a special spiritual power that enables them to change the bread and wine of the Eucharist into the literal flesh and blood of Christ. Protestant clergy are not regarded as having any extra powers than the laity and are often referred to as ministers which means servant or pastors which means shepherds.

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