The main branch of the Reformed Contrary to popular belief, the term does not refer to protest against the Roman Catholic Church. The term original refers to a formal protest lodged ... This word comes from a Latin term meaning “to hand down,” that originally referred to the teaching of the apostles as handed down in the churches ... that took its name from its founder, John John Calvin (A.D. 1509-1564) French Protestant theologian who lived most of his adult life in Geneva. He was the most influential figure in Refor.... It is characterized by a strong belief in The Augustinian doctrine that God bestows the grace of salvation on some individuals while assigning others to hell, independent of human choice or ac..., anti- and austere lifestyle. It began in Geneva Switzerland and spread though areas of France, the Low Countries, Germany, England and Scotland. It became the most dynamic branch of Protestantism in the later half of the 16th century.