(c. 3,300 B.C.) The Bronze Age begins in Mesopotamia, (c. 1,550 B.C.) The New Kingdom of Egypt begins as the Pharaohs of Egypt regain independence and displace the Hyksos. The technical innovations brough... more, and the Indus Valley. The Bronze Age begins in Europe 100 years later (c. 3,200 B.C.), and in China 1,300 years later (c. 2,000 B.C.).