(c. 1,274 B.C.) Ramesses II of the New Kingdom of (c. 1,550 B.C.) The New Kingdom of Egypt begins as the Pharaohs of Egypt regain independence and displace the Hyksos. The technical innovations brough... battles Muwatalli II of the (c. 1,600 B.C.) Indo-Europeans establish the Hittite civilization centered in Hattusa in modern day Turkey, finding great success in the military use ... to a draw in the Battle of Kadesh, the best documented battle of all ancient history and which is believed to be the largest chariot battle in history, involving a total of 5,000 to 6,000 chariots.