is the foundation of Western theology, both Catholic and Contrary to popular belief, the term does not refer to protest against the Roman Catholic Church. The term original refers to a formal protest lodged ... more, and is derived from the writings of (A.D. 354-430) Bishop of Hippo in North Africa, the most influential theologian of the West, known especially for his doctrine of grace, including rel... more of Hippo in the late 4th and early 5th centuries. This theology introduced the concept of The doctrine developed by Augustine in the late 4th century that all human beings inherit the guilt of Adam’s sin and deserve damnation from birth. ... more and emphasized the role of Is a term used to identify unmerited assistance by God primarily to redeem and transform human beings. In the early and medieval church it also referr... more, including the is derived from the Latin word for teaching, doctrina, and is an important aspect of Christianity more so than other world religions because Christian... more of The Augustinian doctrine that God bestows the grace of salvation on some individuals while assigning others to hell, independent of human choice or ac... more.