The position that (c. 4 B.C.–A.D. 30-33) Also known as Jesus of Nazareth, Jesus Christ, the Messiah, and Savior of the World. He is the founding figure of Christianit... more gave his original twelve apostles authority and they in turn passed this authority on to their successors, who in turn handed it down in succession through the bishops of the a term translated from the Greek word “Ecclesia” which means an assembly called together and is sometime translated as a congregation. A church is... more until today. No one has God’s authority unless they have been properly ordained by someone who received their authority through this chain back to the original twelve apostles. This assertion is important to Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholics, and Anglicans as opposed to most Protestants who believe in a priesthood of all believers independent of priesthood ordination.