After the assassination of King Phillip II of Macedon, his son Alexander III becomes king of Macedon (336 B.C.) and leader of the Hellenic League, leads the planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire. Alexander conquers refers to the Roman providences in what is now Turkey. Minor, the Levant, (c. 1,550 B.C.) The New Kingdom of Egypt begins as the Pharaohs of Egypt regain independence and displace the Hyksos. The technical innovations brough... more, Mesopotamia, the Persian Plateau and even parts of India.