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HISTORY of Christian Theology

Period I – The Early and Medieval Church

1 – Polytheism  (pending) Hinduism & Buddhism Egyptian Greco-Roman Paganism Middle Eastern Paganism Zoroastrianism 2 – Christianity’s Jewish Roots  (pending) In order to understand Christianity, it is essential to grasp the importance of the following concepts and history to the Jewish community at the time of Christ’s birth: Monotheism God’s Covenant with his chosen People King David and the Temple in Jerusalem The Babylonian Captivity and Return to Jerusalem 3 – The Greco-Roman World Judaism gave birth to Christianity in a Greco-Roman world where Christianity’s Jewish roots merged with the Roman imperial culture and Greek philosophical ideas to mold Christianity into the institution it became in the early...
The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed replaced the dominate Logos centered Christian theology that placed Jesus as an intermediary between humans and God and subordinated the Son to the Father. Historical Context Before we discuss the Nicene Creed we need to set the stage for the controversy leading up to the 1st Council of Nicaea that created the Nicene Creed. Sadly, power-politics played a major role in the early Church. The major metropolitan areas of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, and Antioch rivaled for supremacy. In particular, the two major schools located in Alexandria and Antioch engaged in sustained and intense rivalry for centuries. The Christian school of Alexandria tapped into a long legacy of learning based in that city. During the 3rd...

The Greco-Roman World

Judaism gave birth to Christianity in a Greco-Roman world where Christianity’s Jewish roots merged with the Roman imperial culture and Greek philosophical ideas to mold Christianity into the institution it became in the early Church and through the Middle-Ages. Some of this Greco-Roman influence can be seen in the following ways: Plato’s philosophy greatly influenced the early Christian debate regarding the nature of God, Aristotle’s philosophy was the basis for much of the scholastic movement in the Church during the late Middle-Ages, Pilgrimages to Greek oracles paved the way to monasticism, and The Roman magisterial structure influenced the Church organization. You may recall the comical father of the bride in the movie “Big Fat...