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HISTORY of Christian Theology


Approaches Used to Determine Correct Doctrine What is true? This question has perplexed society long before Pilate rhetorically asked Jesus, “What is truth?” It is the basis for our modern branch of science called Epistemology. Christians have not escaped the turmoil fomented by this question. Like so many others, Christians have wrestled with this issue down through the Ages. As we embark on this venture to examine the history of Christian theology, it is important to understand the tools that people used to gage the veracity of ideas and doctrines so that we can better understand the perspective of the adherents to those various beliefs and to more fully appreciate one another’s faith. We begin by briefly addressing the following seven...

WHAT IS TRUE? continued

In the prior post we explored how one’s worldview and scripture have influenced Christianity’s belief in orthodoxy. We continue this analysis by exploring how tradition, reason, emotion, and moral results have influenced this quest and shaped a balanced approach in Christianity’s search for truth. (. . . more)

The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed replaced the dominate Logos centered Christian theology that placed Jesus as an intermediary between humans and God and subordinated the Son to the Father. Historical Context Before we discuss the Nicene Creed we need to set the stage for the controversy leading up to the 1st Council of Nicaea that created the Nicene Creed. Sadly, power-politics played a major role in the early Church. The major metropolitan areas of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, and Antioch rivaled for supremacy. In particular, the two major schools located in Alexandria and Antioch engaged in sustained and intense rivalry for centuries. The Christian school of Alexandria tapped into a long legacy of learning based in that city. During the 3rd...

Period III – Modern Christianity

 1 – Witches and the Supernatural  (pending)  2 – The Enlightenment  (pending)  3 – Age of Reason  (pending)  4 – Deism  (pending)  5 – Congregationalist  (pending)  6 – Baptists  (pending)  7 – Quakers  (pending)  8 – Moravians and other groups  (pending)  9 – Pietism  (pending) 10 – The First Great Awakening  (pending) 11 – Religion and Revolution  (pending) 12 – Methodists and the holiness movement  (pending) 13 – The Second Great Awakening  (pending) 14 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)  (pending) 15 – Seventh-Day Adventist &...

Period II – The Reformation

 1 – Life in the Middle-Ages  (pending)  2 – The Crusades  (pending)  3 – The Black Death  (pending)  4 – Papal Schism and Counciliorism  (pending)  5 – Indulgences, Church Finances & Politics  (pending)  6 – Early Reformer Wyclif & Hus  (pending)  7 – The Renaissance and Christian Humanism  (pending)  8 – Martin Luther and the 95 Theses  (pending)  9 – Luther’s Theology of Law and Gospel  (pending) 10 – The Sacraments and Priesthood of All Believers  (pending) 11 – Reformed Theology – Zwingli & Calvin  (pending) 12 – Lutheran Theology verses Reformed...
The Greco-Roman World

The Greco-Roman World

Judaism gave birth to Christianity in a Greco-Roman world where Christianity’s Jewish roots merged with the Roman imperial culture and Greek philosophical ideas to mold Christianity into the institution it became in the early Church and through the Middle-Ages. Some of this Greco-Roman influence can be seen in the following ways: Plato’s philosophy greatly influenced the early Christian debate regarding the nature of God, Aristotle’s philosophy was the basis for much of the scholastic movement in the Church during the late Middle-Ages, Pilgrimages to Greek oracles paved the way to monasticism, and The Roman magisterial structure influenced the Church organization. You may recall the comical father of the bride in the movie “Big Fat...